Symbols And Myths In Masonry


Freemasonry, a fraternity rich in history and tradition, has long utilized symbols and allegory to convey its teachings and principles. From the iconic square and compasses to the enigmatic Eye of Providence, Masonic symbols hold deep significance and continue to intrigue both members and the general public. This article delves into the origins and meanings of some of the most recognizable Masonic symbols and myths, offering a glimpse into the esoteric world of Freemasonry.

The Square and Compasses: A Universal Symbol

The square and compasses are arguably the most recognizable symbols of Freemasonry. Derived from the working tools of medieval stonemasons, these symbols serve as metaphors for the moral and ethical teachings of the fraternity. The square represents virtue, while the compasses signify the importance of setting boundaries and conducting oneself with integrity. Together, they encapsulate the Masonic commitment to building better men and a better society.

The Masonic Letter “G”: Geometry and Beyond

Nestled within the square and compasses is the Masonic letter “G.” This letter holds multiple meanings, including “geometry,” which nods to Freemasonry’s roots in the stonemasons’ craft. It also represents God, the Grand Architect of the Universe, reflecting the fraternity’s spiritual dimensions. The dual symbolism of the letter “G” underscores the interconnectedness of the material and spiritual aspects of Masonic teachings.

The Double-Headed Eagle: Emblem of the Scottish Rite

The double-headed eagle is a prominent emblem of the 32° Scottish Rite Freemasonry, symbolizing the fraternity’s commitment to duality and balance. This motif, adopted by the Scottish Rite in 1813, traces its origins back to ancient Mesopotamia, making it one of the oldest symbols in Freemasonry. The double-headed eagle’s rich history and enduring significance highlight the fraternity’s connection to ancient wisdom and universal truths.

The Masonic Apron: A Symbol of Labor and Purity

The Masonic apron is one of the most cherished symbols of Freemasonry. Originally worn by medieval stonemasons to protect their clothing, the apron has evolved into a symbol of the labor and dedication required to build one’s spiritual temple. The apron represents purity, honor, and the Masonic commitment to self-improvement. Its design and materials reflect the fraternity’s respect for tradition and its emphasis on personal growth.

The Eye of Providence: Watchful Guidance

The Eye of Providence, often depicted within a triangle, is a powerful symbol of divine guidance and protection. Popularized during the Renaissance, this symbol was later adopted by Freemasons to represent the all-seeing eye of God watching over humanity. The Eye of Providence serves as a reminder of the fraternity’s values of Brotherly Love, Relief, and Truth, and its significance continues to resonate with Freemasons today.

Rough Ashlar: The Journey of Self-Improvement

In Freemasonry, the rough ashlar represents the unpolished stone that each new member must work to refine. This symbol embodies the moral and behavioral improvements that Masons strive to achieve. The process of transforming a rough ashlar into a perfect stone parallels the journey of self-improvement and the pursuit of Masonic teachings. It is a powerful reminder of the continuous effort required to live by the principles of the Craft.

Masonic Tracing Boards and Trestle Boards: Blueprint of the Craft

Tracing boards and trestle boards are some of the oldest Masonic symbols, used to illustrate the teachings and secrets of the fraternity. These boards, originally employed to present construction plans to apprentice stonemasons, have been adapted by Freemasons to convey complex allegories and lessons. They serve as visual aids, helping candidates understand the deeper meanings of Masonic rituals and symbols.

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