History Of Freemasonry


Freemasonry is one of the world’s oldest and most fascinating fraternal organizations, shrouded in mystery and speculation. While theories about its origins range from ancient builders to medieval stonemasons, the consensus among Masonic scholars is that modern Freemasonry traces its roots to the skilled craftsmen who built Europe’s grand castles and cathedrals. Join us on a journey through the rich history of Freemasonry, from its medieval beginnings to the grand celebrations of the United Grand Lodge of England’s 300th anniversary in 2017.

Medieval Era: The Birth of Freemasonry

The medieval era is often cited as the cradle of Freemasonry. During this time, the stonemasons who constructed monumental structures like castles and cathedrals formed guilds to regulate their craft and protect their trade secrets. These guilds eventually evolved into what we now recognize as the Masonic lodges. The values, legends, and symbols of these medieval stonemasons heavily influenced early Freemasons.

1646: Elias Ashmole and Early Speculative Freemasonry

One of the earliest recorded instances of speculative Freemasonry, where individuals who were not stonemasons joined the fraternity, dates back to 1646. Elias Ashmole, a noted antiquarian, documented his initiation into a Masonic lodge in Warrington. This event marks a significant point in Freemasonry’s transition from operative to speculative.

1717: The Formation of the First Grand Lodge

On June 24, 1717, a historic meeting at the Goose and Gridiron Tavern in St. Paul’s Churchyard, London, saw the formation of the first Grand Lodge. Four existing lodges came together to establish this Grand Lodge, electing Anthony Sayer as the first Grand Master. This momentous event marked the beginning of organized Freemasonry and the foundation of the Premier Grand Lodge.

1723: The Constitutions of the Freemasons

By 1723, the newly formed Grand Lodge published its first rulebook, “The Constitutions of the Free-Masons.” This document laid down the principles and regulations for Freemasonry, reflecting Enlightenment ideals that continue to guide the fraternity today. In 2023, Freemasons celebrated the tercentenary of this foundational document with events across England, America, and Europe.

The Expansion of Freemasonry: Ireland, Scotland, and Beyond

Freemasonry quickly spread beyond England. In 1725, the Grand Lodge of Ireland was established, followed by the Grand Lodge of Scotland in 1736. These developments signified the growing influence and reach of Freemasonry across the British Isles and beyond.

The Rival Grand Lodges and Their Union

In 1751, a rival Grand Lodge, known as the “Antients,” emerged in London. This lodge, formed by Scottish and Irish Freemasons, coexisted with the original “Moderns” for nearly 63 years. On December 27, 1813, these two Grand Lodges united to form the United Grand Lodge of England, standardizing rituals and regalia.

Freemasonry’s Global Reach and Charitable Works

By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Freemasonry had expanded globally, with thousands of lodges established under the United Grand Lodge of England. The fraternity became known not only for its secretive rituals but also for its significant charitable contributions, supporting members and their communities alike.

Celebrating Milestones: The 300th Anniversary

In 2017, Freemasons celebrated the 300th anniversary of the United Grand Lodge of England with a grand event at the Royal Albert Hall. The festivities included representatives from sovereign Grand Lodges worldwide, highlighting the fraternity’s enduring legacy and global reach.


The history of Freemasonry is a testament to the enduring appeal of its values and principles. From medieval stonemasons to modern-day members, Freemasons have continually sought to improve themselves and their communities. As we look to the future, the rich heritage of Freemasonry provides a solid foundation for continued growth and unity in an ever-changing world.

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